Tigris and Euphrates Sources

Tigris and Euphrates Source


“The name of the third river is Tigris; it flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.” (Genesis 2:14 NASU)

The source of the Tigris and Euphrates is the mountain lake called the Golenjik
 One reference work states, “When its two principal tributaries are included, the length of the Tigris is 1146 miles. Its primary source, a mountain lake called Golenjik, is only two or three miles from the channel of the Euphrates.” (“Tigris” Baker Encyclopedia of the Bible)
 Another reference work states, “The Tigris, the shortest of the two rivers whose united waters flow through, the Shat-el-Arab to the Persian Gulf, rises in the neighborhood of the Euphrates. The chief sources spring from the Utch-gol or ‘Three Lakes,’ near the Sivan, mines, within half a mile of the deep gorge traversed by the Murad; and the united stream flows south-west towards the Euphrates. But it is intercepted by, another watercourse, also rising near the Euphrates, by which it is deflected southwards. This is the Dijleh, which is regarded as the main branch of the Tigris, and which at first traverses the peninsular region formed by the windings of the Euphrates round three sides of the upland Kharput plain. Rising within a few miles of one of these sharp bends, the Dijleh begins by seeking an outlet from the vast circuit thus described by the rival stream. The Goljuk, Goljik, or Golenjik, a brackish lakelet, here occupies a depression in the plateau some 200 yards higher up, whence emissaries flow both to the Tigris and the Euphrates.” (“The Earth and its Inhabitants, Volume 4, The Tigris Basin” by Elisee Reclus accessed 4/7/2012 at http://books.google.com/books?id=RGg_AAAAYAAJ&pg=PA199&lpg=PA199&dq=golenjik&source=bl&ots=KqLyYcfgmq&sig=VOiAMMe7FaChlvENg48meCCZwWQ&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JZ-AT5HBF8OItweJ_ty-Bg&ved=0CDYQ6AEwBA#v=onepage&q=golenjik&f=false)
 Another reference work states “The Tigris, like the Euphrates, rises from two principal sources. The most distant, and therefore the true, source is the western one, which is in latitude 38° 10', longtitde 39° 20' nearly, the little to the south of the high mountain lake called Goljik or Golenjik, in the peninsula formed by the Euphrates where it sweeps round between Palou and Telek. The Tigris’ source is near the southwestern angle of the lake, and cannot be more than two or three miles from the channel of the Euphrates.” (“Tigris” Dr. William Smith’s Dictionary of the Bible, Volume 4 accessed 4/7/2012 at http://books.google.com/books?id=29QMAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA3247&lpg=PA3247&dq=golenjik&source=bl&ots=Y3oSGOamv4&sig=zq1rjUYZq_Yzm3eUimCN9Hr7YtE&hl=en&sa=X&ei=JZ-AT5HBF8OItweJ_ty-Bg&ved=0CDEQ6AEwAw#v=onepage&q=golenjik&f=false)
 Another reference work states, “Tigris, a large river of Asiatic Turkey, rises south of Lake Goljik in the Kurdish Mountains, is joined at Til by the Bitlis, unites with its sister-stream, the Euphrates, at Korna, and from this point to the Persian Gulf is known as the Shat-el-Arab. Its whole course is some 1,500 miles long. In its upper part it is a very swift stream.” (“Tigris” The New Student’s Reference Work accessed 4/7/2012 at http://www.answers.com/topic/the-new-student-s-reference-work-4-0462)
 Another reference work states, “TIGRIS, next to the Euphrates, the greatest river of former Asiatic Turkey; rises on the South slope of the Armenian Taurus range in Kurdistan to the S. of Lake Goljik. It has a sinuous course in a SouthEast direction, almost parallel to that of the Euphrates, which river it joins at Kurna, after a course of 1,060 miles … Like the Euphrates, the Tigris rises in spring with the melting of the snow on the Armenian Mountains.” (“Tigris” Collier's New Encyclopedia, Volume 9, accessed 4/7/2012 at http://gluedideas.com/content-collection/colliers-encyclopedia-9/Tigris.html)
 Another reference work states, “The Tigris and Euphrates rise from opposite sides of the same mountain-chain. This is the, ancient range of Niphates (a prolongation of Taurus), the loftiest of the many parallel ridges, which intervene between the Euxine and the Mesopotamian plain, and the only one which, transcends in many places the limits of perpetual snow. Hence its ancient appellation, and, hence its power to sustain unfailingly the two magnificent streams which flow from it. The line, of the Niphates is from east to west, with a very slight deflection to the south of west; and the, streams thrown off from its opposite flanks, run at first in valleys parallel to the chain itself, but, in opposite directions, the Euphrates flowing westward from its source near Ararat to, Malatiyeh, while the Tigris from Diarbekr "goes eastward to Assyria.” (“The Seven Great Monarchies Of The Ancient Eastern World”, Volume 1 (of 7): Chaldaea The History, Geogra - Page 6-9, accessed 4/7/2012 at http://www.wattpad.com/18684-the-seven-great-monarchies-of-the-ancient-eastern?p=6)